NEW YORK, NY
5th Ave 1902
Big changes happened to both the world and
the Knapp's world at the start of the 20th Century. Despite a
few missteps with The New York Recorder, a daily publishing venture
he started towards the end of the 19th century, most of Joseph
Palmer's business ventures were doing extremely well. American
Lithographic was the giant of the printing industry along with
it's subsidiaries like The Knapp Co. which was an advertising
specialty printer of calenders and promotional items. Many Knapp
Co. items still survive today.
Major Business Events In NY City For
J. P. Knapp In The First Part Of The 20th Century
In the business world for 19 years,
36 year old Joe Knapp enters the new century on the Board Of Directors
of Metropolitan Life
& owning one of the first U S conglomarate's
American Lithographic Company.
1904 : Starts The Associated Sunday
The First Syndicated Sunday Newspaper
1906 : Purchases Crowell
Consisting of Farm & Fireside
(Later Country Home) and Womans Home Companion Magazines
and Springfield Ohio Printing Plant
interested in a new printing process called Roto-Gravure of which
the creation of ALCO-GRAVURE CORP.
Alco stood for American Litho Co.
1911 : Buys the American Magazine
1915: Starts Everyweek Magazine Supplement
/ Brings about Mutilisation Of Metropolitan Life
1919 : Buys Colliers Magazine
1929 : Sells American Lithographic
What didn't survive very long in the new century
was the Knapp marriages of J. P and his sister Antoinette. Joseph
P. and Sylvia who married in 1886 were divorced in 1904. Sylvia
moved to Bellport, Long Island with Claire. I do not think the
then 12 year old Dodi went with them. He does not show up on a
passenger manifest with his mother and sister in 1908 nor is he
living with them in the 1910 census. I haven't found Joseph Palmer's
1910 census yet. I may never, because I believe J P. had an apartment
inside the American Litho Building. That is what shows up as his
residential address as early as 1908. I've spent many hours searching
the 1910 Federal Census and cannot find anyone enumerated at 50-52
E. 19th St. I think the census taker probably saw a commercial
building and just passed it on by.
AMERICAN LITHO BUILDING
Located on the corner of Park Ave aka
4th Ave & E.19th St. I think Joe P. & his second wife
Elizabeth Laing Knapp, had an apartment in here.
There certainly was room enough judging
by American Litho's Showroom. Did Dodi live here too?
1908 New York Directory
1918 City Directory
Looking at MetLife from 5th Ave across
Madison Square...For a time the tallest building in NY City
THE 1920 US CENSUS
Shows The Knapp's Elizabeth & J.
P. Residing on 5th Ave along with their respective sons Archibald
McIlwaine & Joseph F.
They had two servants Margaret McGlure?
and Mady P-----?
.... J. F. turns up in the census in
two other places that year. In North Carolina along with his father
& at the Mastic Beach mansion with his sister.
Young Archibald would die at 34 years
old on a hospital operating table in Paris after taking mysteriously
ill on a trip in 1929.
J.F. would retire that year at age
AMERICAN LITHO 1924-25
Most of these key personal would move
into Crowell-Collier or The Publication Corp.,
When J. P. sold American Litho four
years later Dodi would retire , but why is his name not on this
Antoinette's marriage to Edward Copeland
Wallace may of broken up before or soon after her brothers. In
1902 Mr. E. C. Wallace was involved in a month long auto / horse
& buggy accident trial that was reported on by The New York
Times. The year after that, the whole Wallace family was celebrating
happier days returning from Europe aboard on the "Oceanic".
And The Verdict Was.....
Back in the days the autos infancy,
many states had laws that you had to stop your car and yield to
a horse and wagon.
Of interest is their ages listed here.
None are correct Edward C is really 42, Antoinette is 40 and Edward
K is only 15 ???
Record keeping was very haphazard then.
The 1900 Census does not list the Wallace's as living in their
"wedding gift" home on Bedford Ave.
Four years later, tragedy struck the Wallace's
hard on April 30th, 1906, when their 18 year old son, Edward Knapp
Wallace crashed his motorcycle up near the Bronx. He died the
next day in the hospital. The New York Post gave a very sad account
And Here Is His Father Edward Copeland
He Died in 1915 at 54 years old. He is buried with
the Wallace's in Greenwood Cemetary
His estate was left to his sister
NY TIMES Nov 30, 1915
In 1922 J. P's second wife Elizabeth
passed away in Southampton, Long Island after a long battle with
diabetes. That could of led to his seeking out new places to live.
sold their almost brand new estate out there and in New York
moved to a new apartment
Both pieces NY Times 1922
Until they moved into the yet to be
built exclusive River
House in the 1930's J. P. Knapp spent his residential time
in New York City with the third Mrs. Knapp (Margaret Rutledge
Knapp) at several address' on Park Ave. His sister Antoinette
married Paul G. Brown and they also resided on Park Ave. His Daughter
Claire moved further east on Long Island from Stony Brook to Hampton
Bays. His son Dodi "retired" to Mastic Beach, in the
summer, Ft Lauderdale in the winter and various other permanent
Life Goes On 5th Ave For The Knapp's
Twenty Six Years After Photo At The
Top Of This Page
NEXT NYC 1930's